𝗚𝗮𝗻𝗴𝗮 𝗥𝗶𝘃𝗲𝗿 𝗦𝘆𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗺 :
The River Ganges is more than 2,500km long and has the most populated river basin in the world. The Ganges is the longest river in India and also the largest river in India followed by Godavari (1465 kms).
Its five headstreams—the Bhagirathi, the Alaknanda, the Mandakini, the Dhauliganga, and the Pindar, meets Ganga at different Prayags namely Vishnu Prayag, Karan prayag, Rudra prayag, Nand prayag, Devprayag – all rise in the mountainous region of northern Uttarakhand state.
The major tributaries rivers of the Ganges are: Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Tamsa, Yamuna, Son, and Punpun.
Hindus bring their dead to the river for cremation along its banks and afterward their ashes are spread in the river as they believes waters of the Ganges River are needed to reach the World of the Ancestors, Pitriloka.
Ganga is also the home for fresh water dolphins and Ganges sharks, both of which are endangered species with Ganges shark being critically endangered.
The Ganges was ranked as the fifth most polluted river of the world in 2007. Pollution threatens not only humans, but also more than 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species. In the late 1980s, India’s prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi began the Ganga Action Plan (GAP) to clean up the Ganges River.
The mouth of River Ganga forms the world’s largest delta, known as Sunderbans, and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.
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